Fiction Fundamentals will be a collection of articles, lessons, and videos covering issues of writing and publishing fiction.

Watch this space for announcements about online courses available as high-touch experiences here and low-touch experiences on popular e-learning sites.

Fantasy Classics Reading List

November 23rd, 2021
  1. Disclosure: If you purchase a book from the below links within a certain amount of time of clicking on it, I will earn a small portion of the sale. That does not affect my recommendations, though. For more information, see the full affiliate disclosure.

In Spring 2022, I’ll be taking over the teaching of the Fantasy Classics Readings in the Genre class at Seton Hill University.

Here is the reading list:

And one from the following list:

Lilith (1895) by George MacDonald
The Coming of Conan (2002) by Robert E. Howard
The Hobbit (1937) by J. R. R. Tolkien
Titus Groan (1946) by Mervyn Peake
The Once and Future King (1958) by T. H. White
Witch World (1963) by Andre Norton
The Last Unicorn (1968) by Peter S. Beagle
Deryni Rising (1970) by Katherine Kurtz
The Princess Bride (1973) by William Golding
Pawn of Prophecy (1982) by David Eddings
The Mists of Avalon (1983) by Marian Zimmer Bradley
The Anubis Gates (1983) by Tim Powers
Borderland (1986) edited by Terri Windling and Mark Alan Arnold
Arrows of the Queen (The Heralds of Valdemar, Book 1) (1987) by Mercedes Lackey

My Teaching Philosophy Statement

April 22nd, 2020

I recently had occasion to update my teaching philosophy statement, which I haven’t done in a few years. It was an enlightening and useful exercise. If you’re interested, I’ve posted it here.

I’ve learned in life that the easy way isn’t always the best way; so too in teaching, the easy way is rarely the most effective. I have best learned when teachers took the time to understand my current skill level, gave me examples to follow, allowed me to emulate those examples, and then provided feedback that pointed out what I’ve done correctly as well as areas where I could improve. I have attempted throughout my teaching career to follow in the footsteps of those educators who inspired and taught me.

The specifics of how I organize and plan a course and how I teach it depends on the exact content and goals of the course, but my general methods of teaching are as follows:

1) Engage the students in discussion in order to gauge their current understanding of the topic as well as help them locate previous knowledge they can connect the new information to.

2) Introduce new information.

3) Discuss strategies and tools that students can use.

4) Analyze examples with the students so they become familiar with what works and what does not.

5) Model how to utilize the tools and strategies.

6) Allow the students to try the techniques on their own or work collaboratively with them.

7) Assign meaningful homework that allows students to explore their new skills, challenging them but not discouraging them.

8) Use peer feedback when appropriate and instructor feedback to encourage growth and remediate misunderstandings.

9) Build on previous lessons through the use of repetition of key concepts while new ideas are presented.

Not all students enter institutions of higher education prepared to complete college-level coursework. Simply assuming that they possess particular skills or that they can “figure it out” risks setting up both the students and the instructor for failure. This is where providing students with strategies and tools comes into play. Strategies and tools can give students a place to start and a direction in which to move. Designed properly, they can be used by students beyond individual classes to make them more self-sufficient and successful in their broader coursework and their careers outside of school.

I’ve seen that students utilize strategies and tools more effectively when I have modeled their use for them. Searching a database for articles on a topic, taking notes from an article, drafting a summary, completing planning steps for an essay, and even drafting an essay while standing in front of a class can be nerve-wracking at times, and it’s certainly harder than simply telling students what they need to do, but my training in fiction writing rings in my ears as a reminder of best practices: show, don’t tell. Modeling techniques and behaviors allows students to see what success can look like, and if I struggle in front of them at times, they can see that their struggles are completely natural.

Beyond giving my students strategies and tools and showing them how to use them, I am most concerned with students’ ability to think critically and analytically about the texts they read and the words they write. Such experiences should strengthen their critical-thinking skills in general while also helping them to communicate their ideas more effectively. Students need to be trained to look at the big picture to determine if a piece of writing is effective and to question whether or not the quality of the composition reflects on the messages contained within.

When it is time to focus on the details of writing, I feel that rote grammar exercises concerned with definitions or the identification of parts of speech and lessons that utilize low-engagement exercises such as fill-in-the-blanks are ineffective at helping students achieve mastery of academic and professional English and clarity of expression. Grammar and style instruction should focus more on the function of words and how they can be used to express ideas. Activities that requires students to write sentences using particular parts of speech or constructions allow them to learn by doing, thus connecting that practice to their writing habits. Again, this is not easy. A simple answer key cannot be used to gauge student success in such activities, but most assessments that can use a key are testing lower-hanging fruit on Bloom’s Taxonomy. I’m concerned more with application and creation as well as students’ ability to analyze and evaluate their own writing and the writing of others—at both the macro and micro levels.

A concrete example of my beliefs in action is my redesign in the spring of 2020 of an online remedial English course. The original version of the course contained an overwhelming number of grammar worksheets in the first third of the term. The second third of the term contained assignments that requested students to summarize short readings with little explanation of how to approach reading for the purpose of writing an academic summary or what a good summary should contain. The final segment of the course focused on writing short essays—with only limited time for peer or instructor feedback to be provided to allow students to fully engage in the revision process. It is my belief that this course organization was detrimental to students’ learning. Separating grammar, reading and summarizing, and essay writing does not allow students to connect those into a holistic discipline of engagement with information, which they will need in school and beyond.

My redesigned course starts with essay writing to place students in that mindset right away, and it provides individual weeks devoted to planning and drafting, peer review, and revision for each essay. During that time, students also work on close-reading exercises that build up to writing academic summaries, and they take part in sentence-writing exercises aimed at getting them to think analytically about their use of language to avoid common errors. The course is designed to follow a consistent pattern in the hopes that the students develop effective new writing habits that they will carry with them beyond the term.

Do I think I know all there is to know about teaching? Hardly. In my experience, teachers can be most effective when they view teaching as a two-way act of communication in which both parties are open and receptive to each other, to exploring new ideas, and to the possibility that everyone has the room and potential to improve and grow. It is just as important for teachers to be willing to learn and grow as it is for students. I do my best to remove my ego from the situation so that I can be more self-reflective and open to improvements, and I am always looking for ways to be a more effective instructor. If a student struggles to understand a concept or a task that has been assigned, I work with them to attempt to alleviate that confusion, and then I look for ways to add clarity to the course materials to avoid similar confusion in the future. Just as I believe that writing should be more about the reader than the writer, I believe teaching to be more about the student than the teacher.

Recommended Reading: Craft Books

July 18th, 2018

At Seton Hill, students must read a book on the craft or business of writing each semester. They decide upon the book in consultation with their mentor, and over the years I’ve gathered a long list of titles on various topics that have been helpful to my students. I’ve read most of them–the others are ones that multiple students have read and found instructive.

  1. Disclosure: If you purchase a book from the below links within a certain amount of time of clicking on it, I will earn a small portion of the sale. That does not affect my recommendations, though. For more information, see the full affiliate disclosure.

Story Structure, Plotting, & Synopsis

The Story Grid: What Good Editors Know by Shawn Coyne

Extremely valuable look at the elements of successful stories. Maybe not the most well-edited book on writing–and the images in the electronic version are small enough to be barely worthwhile–but it’s still an excellent resource. There is a bit of a focus on thrillers, as well.

The Plot Whisperer: Secrets of Story Structure Any Writer Can Master by Martha Alderson

This one is slightly touchy feely and a little mystical, and that grates on my nerves a bit . . . but it has a lot of good stuff.

There are also two companion titles.


Story Engineering by Larry Brooks


Writing the Fiction Synopsis: A Step by Step Approach by Nicola Morgan


Write a Great Synopsis – An Expert Guide by Pam McCutcheon



Revising Fiction: Making Sense of the Madness by Kirt Hickman

I often suggest that my students who are about to wrap up their first drafts read this title. It can be useful even if you are still working on your first draft as it’s good to be thinking about the issues, and the book does deal with first-draft concerns to help you create less of a mess to clean up.


Writing Dialogue by Tom Chiarella


Dialogue: Techniques and Exercises for Crafting Effective Dialogue by Gloria Kempton


Point of View

Characters & Viewpoint (Elements of Fiction Writing) by Orson Scott Card


Characters & Characterization

The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writer’s Guide to Character Expression by Angela Ackerman and Becca Puglisi

Emotion Amplifiers by Angela Ackerman and Becca Puglisi

GMC: Goal, Motivation, and Conflict by Debra Dixon


Self-Editing for Fiction Writers, Second Edition: How to Edit Yourself Into Print by Renni Browne and Dave King

Writer’s Digest Grammar Desk Reference: The Definitive Source for Clear and Concise Writing by Gary Lutz and Stevenson Diane


Stein On Writing: A Master Editor of Some of the Most Successful Writers of Our Century Shares His Craft Techniques and Strategies by Sol Stein


Ground Rules for Writers: A Quick and Easy Reference Guide for all the Painful Punctuation, Ghastly Grammar, and Pesky Sound Alike Words, Fracking Up Your Work by Susan Ball & Sheryl Wright


Line by Line: How to Edit Your Own Writing by Claire Kehrwald Cook


Theory of Fiction Writing

The Art of Fiction: Notes on Craft for Young Writers by John Gardner

A classic on writing fiction in general. It’s maybe a little literary and philosophical, but it’s a good book.


Writing Fantasy

Wonderbook (Revised and Expanded): The Illustrated Guide to Creating Imaginative Fiction by Jeff VanderMeer

How to Write Science Fiction & Fantasy by Orson Scott Card


The Guide to Writing Fantasy and Science Fiction: 6 Steps to Writing and Publishing Your Bestseller! by Philip Athans

The Tough Guide to Fantasyland: The Essential Guide to Fantasy Travel by Dianna Wynne Jones

It’s actually a pretty incisive look at the fantasy genre. It might be a low-key, but it’s still useful.


World Building

World-Building by Stephen L. Gillett

Especially useful for SF authors.


Kobold Guide to Worldbuilding edited by Janna Silverstein

While this book is geared to game designers and people creating campaign worlds for role playing games, it’s still incredibly useful for fiction writers.


Storyworld First: Creating a Unique Fantasy World for Your Novel by Jill Williamson

This isn’t one that I’ve read, but students of mine have read it and enjoyed it.